Skip to main content

Create and Manage Cloudberry Database

A Cloudberry Database system is a single instance of Cloudberry Database. There can be multiple running Cloudberry Database systems co-existing with each other, but usually a client can only connect to one of them.

There can be multiple databases in a Cloudberry Database system. This is different from some database management systems (such as Oracle) where the database instance is the database. Although you can create many databases in a Cloudberry Database system, client programs can connect to and access only one database at a time — you cannot cross-query between databases.

About template and default databases

Cloudberry Database provides some template databases and a default database, template1, template0, and postgres.

By default, each new database you create is based on a template1 database. Cloudberry Database uses template1 to create databases unless you specify another template. Creating objects in template1 is not recommended. The objects will be in every database you create using the default template database.

Cloudberry Database uses another database template, template0, internally. Do not drop or modify template0. You can use template0 to create a completely clean database containing only the standard objects predefined by Cloudberry Database at initialization.

You can use the postgres database to connect to Cloudberry Database for the first time. Cloudberry Database uses postgres as the default database for administrative connections.

Create a database

The CREATE DATABASE command creates a new database. For example:

=> CREATE DATABASE <new_dbname>;

To create a database, you must have privileges to create a database or be a Cloudberry Database superuser. If you do not have the correct privileges, you cannot create a database. Contact your Cloudberry Database administrator to either give you the necessary privilege or to create a database for you.

You can also use the client program createdb to create a database. For example, running the following command in a command line terminal connects to Cloudberry Database using the provided host name and port and creates a database named mydatabase:

$ createdb -h coordinator_host -p 5432 mydatabase

The host name and port must match the host name and port of the installed Cloudberry Database system.

Some objects, such as roles, are shared by all the databases in a Cloudberry Database system. Other objects, such as tables that you create, are known only in the database in which you create them.


The CREATE DATABASE command is not transactional.

Clone a database

By default, a new database is created by cloning the standard system database template, template1. Any database can be used as a template when creating a new database, thereby providing the capability to 'clone' or copy an existing database and all objects and data within that database. For example:

=> CREATE DATABASE <new_dbname> TEMPLATE <old_dbname>;

Create a database with a different owner

Another database owner can be assigned when a database is created:

=> CREATE DATABASE <new_dbname> WITH <owner=new_user>;

View the list of databases

If you are working in the psql client program, you can use the \l meta-command to show the list of databases and templates in your Cloudberry Database system. If using another client program and you are a superuser, you can query the list of databases from the pg_database system catalog table. For example:

=> SELECT datname from pg_database;

Alter a database

The ALTER DATABASE command changes database attributes such as owner, name, or default configuration attributes. For example, the following command alters a database by setting its default schema search path (the search_path configuration parameter):

=> ALTER DATABASE mydatabase SET search_path TO myschema, public, pg_catalog;

To alter a database, you must be the owner of the database or a superuser.

Drop a database

The DROP DATABASE command drops (or deletes) a database. It removes the system catalog entries for the database and deletes the database directory on disk that contains the data. You must be the database owner or a superuser to drop a database, and you cannot drop a database while you or anyone else is connected to it. Connect to postgres (or another database) before dropping a database. For example:

=> \c postgres
=> DROP DATABASE mydatabase;

You can also use the client program dropdb to drop a database. For example, the following command connects to Cloudberry Database using the provided host name and port and drops the database mydatabase:

$ dropdb -h coordinator_host -p 5432 mydatabase

Dropping a database cannot be undone.

The DROP DATABASE command is not transactional.